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Participación en cadenas globales de valor e industrias claves: evidencia de Puerto Rico

dc.creatorRosa-Polanco, Henry
dc.date2020-07-02
dc.date.accessioned2020-09-10T20:17:21Z
dc.date.available2020-09-10T20:17:21Z
dc.identifierhttps://revistas.intec.edu.do/index.php/ciene/article/view/1795
dc.identifier10.22206/ceyn.2020.v4i1.pp25-67
dc.identifier.urihttps://repositoriobiblioteca.intec.edu.do/handle/123456789/2816
dc.descriptionThe purpose of this essay is to calculate the Backward Participation in Global Value Chains index of Puerto Rico and to assess the extent to which manufacturing industries create backward and forward linkages within the economy. The open quantitative model of the input-output analysis developed in this paper uses the total matrices of inter-industrial transactions. The results indicate that Puerto Rico exhibits one of the highest relative backward participation rates in GVC in the first years analyzed when compared to 39 OECD countries, ranking even in the first two places. However, in the last year considered, the Puerto Rican index experienced the largest relative decrease, falling 15 percentage points and standing at the average of the Latin American pairs with which it is compared. In addition, the industries that participate in the scheme remained with few or no linkages, except petrochemicals in the first two years. For the first time in the literature, this paper measures the rate of backward participation in global value chains of Puerto Rico and combines it with an analysis of key industries, contributing to closing the gap of empirical studies of Latin American and Caribbean countries on the subject.en-US
dc.descriptionEsta investigación mide por primera vez en la literatura el índice de participación hacia atrás en cadenas globales de valor de Puerto Rico y lo combina con un análisis de industrias claves, contribuyendo a cerrar la brecha de estudios empíricos de países latinoamericanos y del Caribe. La metodología emplea el modelo cuantitativo abierto del análisis insumo-producto a partir de las matrices totales de transacciones inter-industriales. Los resultados indican que Puerto Rico exhibe uno de los mayores índices relativos de participación hacia atrás en CGV cuando es comparado con 39 países de la OCDE. Sin embargo, en el último año considerado, el índice puertorriqueño experimenta la disminución relativa más grande, al caer 15 puntos porcentuales y situarse en la media de los pares latinoamericanos con los que se compara.es-ES
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dc.publisherInstituto Tecnológico de Santo Domingo (INTEC)es-ES
dc.relationhttps://revistas.intec.edu.do/index.php/ciene/article/view/1795/2323
dc.relationhttps://revistas.intec.edu.do/index.php/ciene/article/view/1795/2324
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dc.relation/*ref*/Anexos
dc.relation/*ref*/1) El anexo I presenta las 31 industrias de la manufactura puertorriqueña con su clasificación industrial correspondiente.
dc.relation/*ref*/2) El anexo II presenta el resultado de aplicar la técnica de normalización por el promedio simple de la sumatoria de todas las industrias incluyendo los servicios a los eslabonamientos hacia atrás y hacia adelante. Sombreadas las industrias claves que en ambos eslabonamientos supera la unidad, es decir, el promedio.
dc.relation/*ref*/*Atuneras: en la matriz de 1977, la industria de “pescado enlatado, curado y residuos”, se encuentra asimétricamente agregada como “producto” en “productos misceláneos de alimentos”, razón por la cual no se presentan datos desagregados comparables de la misma.
dc.rightsDerechos de autor 2020 Ciencia, Economía y Negocioses-ES
dc.rightshttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0/es-ES
dc.sourceScience, Economy & Business; Vol 4 No 1 (2020): Science, Economics and Business; 25-67en-US
dc.sourceCiencia, Economía y Negocios; Vol. 4 Núm. 1 (2020): Ciencia, Economía y Negocios; 25-67es-ES
dc.source2613-8778
dc.source2613-876X
dc.source10.22206/ceyn.2020.v4i1
dc.subjectGlobal value chainsen-US
dc.subjectvertical specializationen-US
dc.subjectbackward and forward linkagesen-US
dc.subjectinput-outputen-US
dc.subjectkey industriesen-US
dc.subjectPuerto Ricoen-US
dc.subjectcadenas globales de valores-ES
dc.subjectespecialización verticales-ES
dc.subjecteslabonamientos hacia atráses-ES
dc.subjectinsumo-productoes-ES
dc.subjectPuerto Ricoes-ES
dc.titleGlobal value chain participation and key industries: evidence from Puerto Ricoen-US
dc.titleParticipación en cadenas globales de valor e industrias claves: evidencia de Puerto Ricoes-ES
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/article
dc.typeinfo:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion


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